The term cubicle comes from the Latin cubiculum, for bed chamber.
It was used in English as early as the 15th century.
Despite this, the basic layout of the corporate office had remained largely unchanged, with employees sitting behind rows of traditional desks in a large open room, devoid of privacy.
Propst's studies suggested that an open environment actually reduced communication between employees, and impeded personal initiative.
Other furniture that is often used in cubicles includes an office chair, a filing cabinet for locking documents away, a bookcase and a coatrack.In addition, the employees' bodies were suffering from long hours of sitting in one position.Propst concluded that office workers require both privacy and interaction, depending on which of their many duties they were performing.Nelson's departure left Propst free to indulge in his concept of an office capable of constant change to suit the changing needs of the employee, without having to purchase new furnishings, and allowing the employee a degree of privacy, and the ability to personalize the work environment without impacting the environment of the workers nearby.The first offices to incorporate the "Action Office" design were in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, which contracted with George Nelson and Herman Miller in 1963 to design an innovative office space that could maximize efficiency in a small area.